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Short- and long-term effects

Zebras and giraffe in Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania

Consequences of the war included famine, homelessness, increased infant mortality, and ecological consequences. The spread of bush and game resulted in a decrease in arable land and an increase in disease-carrying tse-tse flies. Political and social structures were permanently destroyed by the targeted murder of local leaders. As a result of the Maji-Maji War, colonial rule changed for the last few years. Weakened by the consequences of the war, there was no further successful and widespread resistance by the locals. The Germans reacted brutally at the slightest sign of protest.

The fact that the areas of southern Tanzania are poor compared to the rest of the country, characterized by higher infant mortality and low per capita income is also a legacy of colonial rule and the Maji Maji war to this day. Even the tourist magnet Nyerere National Park (formerly Selous Game Reserve) could only come into being because large areas were made uninhabitable for humans after the war. However, the caves where the inhabitants hid or the trees where the fighters were hanged by the Germans are still important places of remembrance today.  

Image source: Zebras and giraffe in Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania, by Selous, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link

Go to: Dealing with the colonial heritage in Tanzania