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Themenwoche "Die Vertreibungen der Maasai im Namen des Naturschutzes"

Maasai Vertreibungen

Auf Social Media veranstalten wir vom 5 bis zum 10. Februar 2024 eine Themenwoche zu den Vertreibungen der Maasai im Norden Tansanias. Worum geht es in diesem Konflikt? Was sind die Hintergründe und welche Rolle spielt Deutschland dabei? 

Bericht der Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker (2023). Die Maasai in Tansania: Gewaltsam vertrieben für den Naturschutz. Berlin, Dezember 2023: https://www.gfbv.de/fileadmin/redaktion/Meldungen/2023/GfbV_Report_Massai.pdf

Unser Interview mit Menschenrechtsanwalt Joseph Oleshangay vom 14.12.2023: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7n_i498O1Y

Unser NetTalk zur ILO-Konvention 169: Die Rcehte Indigener vom 19.12.2023: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKyfLMfZHLM

Paneldiskussion zum Thema Tourismus in Tansania, unter anderem mit  Dr. Mordecai Ogada, Co-Autor von "The Big Conservation Lie": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZtNPzyp8E4

weitere Links:

Deutsch:

Betz, Franziska (2023). „Resolution des Europäischen Parlaments: Gegen die Vertreibung der Maasai“, taz, 15. Dezember 2023. Online: https://taz.de/Resolution-des-Europaeischen-Parlaments/!5980526/

Böhm, Andrea (2023). „Maasai und der Serengeti Nationalpark: Sie wollen hier nicht weg“, ZEIT Online, 4. Februar 2023. Online: https://www.zeit.de/2023/06/maasai-serengeti-nationalpark-umsiedlung-naturschutz

Diekhans, Antje (2022). „Maasai in Tansania: Vertrieben für mehr Jagdsafaris?“, Tagesschau, 2. Juli 2022. Online: https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/afrika/tansania-maasai-vertreibung-101.html

FIAN (2023). Vertreibungen für Tourismus und Jagdsafaris, FIAN Deutschland. Online: https://www.fian.de/was-wir-machen/fallarbeit/tansania-maasai/

Gouverneur, Cedric (2023). „Maasai in Tansania – Geschichte einer fortwährenden Vertreibung“, Le Monde diplomatique, 13. April 2023. Online: https://monde-diplomatique.de/artikel/!5925309

Grossenbacher, Nadja (2023). „Wie Deutschland internationales Recht verletzt,“ Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker, 31. Januar 2023. Online: https://gfbvblog.com/2023/01/31/wie-deutschland-internationales-recht-verletzt/

Hahn, Christoph (2023). „Maasai in Tansania: BMZ stoppt Gelder für umstrittene Projektmaßnahme im Serengeti-Ökosystem“, Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker, 19. Dezember 2023. Online: https://gfbvblog.com/2023/12/19/maasai-in-tansania-bmz-stoppt-gelder-fuer-umstrittene-projektmassnahme-im-serengeti-oekosystem/

Häring, Ellie & Andre Zantow (2022). „Vertreibung der Maasai: Vorrang für Touristen und Jäger“, Deutschlandfunk Kultur, 22. Dezember 2022. Online: https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/massai-tansania-vertreibung-kenia-100.html

Rühl, Bettina (2023). „Safaritourismus statt Weidewirtschaft“, Amnesty International, 15. Februar 2023. Online: https://www.amnesty.de/informieren/amnesty-journal/tansania-indigenenrechte-vertreibung-massai-loliondo-safaritourismus

English:

Abulu, Latoya & Laurel Sutherland (2022). “Maasai protestors shot, beaten as Tanzania moves forward with wildlife game reserve,” Mongaby, 14. Juni 2022. Online: https://news.mongabay.com/2022/06/maasai-protesters-shot-beaten-as-tanzania-moves-forward-with-wildlife-game-reserve/

Al Jazeera (2022). “In Tanzania, the Maasai fight eviction over state conservation plot,” Al Jazeera, 16. Juni 2022. Online: https://www.aljazeera.com/features/2022/6/16/in-tanzania-the-maasai-fight-eviction-over-statconservation-plot

Amnesty International (2023). “‘We have lost everything’: Forced evictions of the Maasai in Loliondo, Tanzania.” London: Amnesty International. Online: https://www.amnesty.org/fr/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/AFR5668412023ENGLISH.pdf

DW News (2023). “Why is Tanzania forcing the Maasai off their ancestral lands? | DW News,” YouTube, 27 May 2023. Online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNZjbH_0qIo

FIAN (2023). “Debunking government claims: The truth about Maasai rights in Ngorongoro and Loliondo, Tanzania.” Online: https://www.fian.de/wp-content/uploads/2023/05/Debunking-Government-Claims-The-Truth-About-Maasai-Rights-in-Ngorongoro-and-Loliondo-Tanzania-May-2023.pdf

Fraser, Elizabeth (2018). “Displacement and Dispossession in Tanzania: How ‘Conservation is Destroying the Maasai,” Oakland Institute, 2018

Human Rights Watch (2020). World Report 2020. New York, 2020

Human Rights Watch (2023). “Tanzania: Maasai forcibly displaced for game reserve,” Human Rights Watch, 27. April 2023. Online: https://www.hrw.org/news/2023/04/27/tanzania-maasai-forcibly-displaced-game-reserve

International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (2023). “Tanzania,” in: The Indigenous World 2023 Report. Copenhagen, 2023 (pp. 122-131)

Minority Rights (2023). “Beyond just conservation: A History of Maasai dispossession,” Minority Rights, 23. February 2023. Online: https://minorityrights.org/2023/02/23/beyond-just-conservation-a-history-of-maasai-dispossession/#:~:text=When%20British%20colonialists%20established%20the,now%20been%20living%20for%20generations

Nyeko, Oryem & Juliana Nnoko-Mewanu (2023). “Tanzania’s eviction of Maasai pastoralists continues,” Human Rights Watch, 2. February 2023. Online: https://www.hrw.org/news/2023/02/02/tanzanias-eviction-maasai-pastoralists-continues

Oakland Institute (2018). Losing the Serengeti: The Maasai land that was to run forever. Oakland, California (CA). Online: https://www.oaklandinstitute.org/tanzania-safari-businesses-maasai-losing-serengeti

Oakland Institute (2021). The Looming Threat of Eviction: The Continued Displacement of the Maasai under the Guise of Conservation in Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Oakland, California (CA). Online: https://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/tanzania-looming-threat-eviction.pdf

Oakland Institute (2022). Flawed Plans for Relocation of the Maasai from Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Oakland, California (CA). Online: https://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/flawed-plans-maasai-ngorongoro.pdf

Patel, Reina (2022). “Maasai evictions highlight conflict between ‘preservation’ and citizenship,” Council on Foreign Relations, 13. Oktober 2022. Online: https://www.cfr.org/blog/maasai-evictions-highlight-conflict-between-preservation-and-citizenship

Survival International (2023). “Maasai delegation to meet European leader in a bid to end forced evictions and human rights abuses they are facing in Tanzania,” Survival International, 25. Mai 2023. Online: https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/13689

UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples Rights (2010). “United Republic of Tanzania: Alleged forced removal of pastoralists,” 15 September 2010. Online: https://unsr.jamesanaya.org/?p=321

UNESCO (2022). “Ngorongoro: UNESCO has never at any time asked for the displacement of the Maasai people,” UNESCO, 21 March 2022. Online: https://whc.unesco.org/en/news/2419

United Nations (2019). Special Report on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Genf, Oktober 2019. Online: https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24872